Sewing Machine Needles

 

Along with different fabrics and a variety of threads there is a choice of sewing machine needles that work best for a specific project. When you choose the right sewing machine needle for your project, your satisfaction will increase tremendously, because fraying, broken threads and other similar problems will be minimized.

Sewing machine needle Size:

There are several needle types. Every type of needle comes in different sizes. The higher the size number, the thicker the needle is. The sizes are according to the American labelling system ranging from 8 to 20, with a skip of one number after 12.  The sequence is for example, 12, 14, 16, 18, and 20.  If the European labelling system is used the number sequence will be: 60, 65, 70, 75, 80, 90, 100, 110 and 120 for example.

.sewing machine needles

 

Here are the common Sewing Machine Needles:

 

Sewing Machine Needles

 

Along with different fabrics and a variety of threads there is a choice of sewing machine needles that work best for a specific project. When you choose the right sewing machine needle for your project, your satisfaction will increase tremendously, because fraying, broken threads and other similar problems will be minimized.

Sewing machine needle Size:

There are several needle types. Every type of needle comes in different sizes. The higher the size number, the thicker the needle is. The sizes are according to the American labelling system ranging from 8 to 20, with a skip of one number after 12.  The sequence is for example, 12, 14, 16, 18, and 20.  If the European labelling system is used the number sequence will be: 60, 65, 70, 75, 80, 90, 100, 110 and 120 for example.

.sewing machine needles

 

Here are the common Sewing Machine Needles:

 

Universal Needle

 

This needle is for general use; ideal for every type of fabric that doesn’t require a special needle. It is curved above the eye for extra strength. It comes in sizes: 60/8, 70/10, 75/11, 80/12, 90/14, 100/16, 110/18, 120/20. The needle size should be picked according to the thickness of fabric being sewn. Thicker material requires a thicker needle.

Denim Needle

 

This needle is for tightly woven fabrics, such as jeans, canvas, etc. you can find sewing machine needles in most sizes, though the easiest size to find is size 14 and up, because these high density woven fabrics are thick and call for thick needles. Its point is sharp and strong, so it can penetrate dense fabrics. This needle is ideal for stitching through multiple layers of fabric without breaking. It is available in sizes: 80/12, 90/14, 100/16 and 110/18.

Stretch Needle

 

This needle is for sewing knits and all stretch fabrics. It is available in all sizes. This needle prevents problems such as skipping stitches when sewing stretch fabrics. Its edge is slightly rounded to slip in the stitches and grasp the fabric better.

Microtex Needle

 

This needle Designed for gentle woven fabrics, it is used to prevent injuring the fabric when sewing. The needle’s point is sharp and its groove is narrow.

Leather Needle

 

This needle is for sewing leather, leather-like, vinyl, etc. You can find this needle in a variety of sizes, especially in big sizes (14 and up). The point is very sharp and the sides of it are made wider to use as a knife and cut the fabric while sewing. The needle can go through the material and sew it without tearing it. Do not use this type of needle on woven or knit fabrics. When using this needle, stitch accurately to avoid large and permanent holes in the fabric. Don’t backstitch, just tie the thread ends, so the surface will not be perforated.

Embroidery Needle

 

This is the needle to use with Embroidery thread, because it is thicker than regular thread. This is why the eye of this needle is larger and it also has a special shape to prevent the Embroidery thread from fraying or breaking.

Metallic Needle

 

It is a needle made for sewing with metal thread. The eye of this needle is very large and rounded to prevent the thread from fraying or breaking.

Topstitch Needle

 

The point of this needle is very sharp for straight, accurate stitching and its eye is very large in order to allow the thick thread to get into the hole easily.

Twin Needle

 

This needle is comprised of two needles that are attached to a single shaft. It is used for sewing two parallel stitches at the same time. The size has two numbers and one refers to the thickness and the other tells the distance between the two needles.  An example: 14/2 means size 14 and the distance between the needles is 2 mm.Use closely spaced needles for fine fabrics and needles that are set farther apart for heavy fabrics.

 

 

Important Tips...

 

  1. The thicker the fabric is, the thicker the needle should be. The type of the needle should fit the thickness and weight of the fabric and the thickness of the thread.
  2. When sewing with regular thread, there is no need to worry about selecting a special needle for thread thickness. Thread thickness is not an issue for the needle size unless using a very thick needle- then you need to use a heavy-duty thread.
  3. There are home sewing machine needles and industrial sewing machine needles. When buying needles, make sure to mention what type of sewing machine is being used to the salesperson.
  4. It is recommended to use the standard needle size, no.14, most of the time, except when: sewing thin and gentle fabric.
  5. Before you start sewing, check your needle. Move your finger gently under the point of the needle; if it is smooth, the needle is ok. If it is not smooth then the point might be bent or broken.  A bent or broken needle point can ruin the fabric or skip stitches.
  
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